Transference and Countertransference

A place to begin is to basically define the two concepts; so that we agree.
According to the website http://www.wisegeek.org/what-is-transference.htm, “Transference is a term first used by Sigmund Freud to describe a process in analysis or therapy. Freud noted that many of his patients seemed at some point to begin to place certain feelings, like romantic love or parental love, onto the therapist.”
Conversely, according to the website http://www.wisegeek.com/what-is-counter-transference.htm “Counter-transference is a psychoanalytical concept that refers to how a clinician’s feelings toward a client are altered when the client reminds the clinician of someone he or she knows or knew. The clinician or therapist may develop personal feelings, such as attraction or hatred, toward the client due to those associations between the client and the person that the clinician knew or knows.”
The counselor must also be concerned about caretaking. Case in point, a client reminds the counselor of her younger sister and she responds accordingly – taking care of the client rather than maintaining a professional relationship.
If the counselor is not aware of those factors, then he or she may inadvertently intervene inappropriately.
NLP Strategies to address transference and countertransference could include Meta Model questions such as “according to whom?”, “how do you know that?”, “what makes you think so?”

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